Nikk Effingham

Proceeding and Filioque

It is standard to believe that one Divine Person proceeds from another e.g. that the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father and the Son. This paper discusses the metaphysics of proceeding, arguing that it is best thought of as a form of metaphysical dependence (rather than, e.g., a causal, temporal, or quasi-temporal procession). Theories whereby metaphysical dependence is symmetrical have been discussed in the recent literature on dependence. That said, I end the paper by discussing the extent to which holding that the Divine People proceed from one another makes for an irenic resolution of the long-standing debate concerning filioque.

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